Active attenuation of a trailing vortex inspired by a parabolized stability analysis
Adam M. Estrand, Yiyang Sun, and Peter J. Schmid
Designing effective control for complex three-dimensional flow fields proves to be non-trivial. Oftentimes, intuitive control strategies lead to suboptimal control. To navigate the control space, we utilize a linear parabolized stability analysis to guide the design of a control scheme for a trailing vortex flow field aft of a NACA0012 half-wing at an angle of attack α=5∘ and a chord-based Reynolds number Re=1000. The stability results show that the unstable mode with the smallest growth rate (fifth wake mode) provides a pathway to excite a vortex instability, whereas the principal unstable mode remains in the wake of the wing. Inspired by this finding, we perform direct numerical simulations that excite each mode with body forces matching the shape function from the stability analysis. Relative to the baseline uncontrolled case, the principal wake mode reduces the vortex length, while the fifth wake mode further shortens the tip vortex. Analogously, the streamwise circulation of the trailing vortex is found to be significantly reduced. From these results, we conclude that a rudimentary linear stability analysis can provide key insight into the underlying physics and help engineers design more effective control.
Journal of Fluid Mechanics
25 November 2018 , R2